The Road to Disappearance : A History of the Creek Indians

The Road to Disappearance : A History of the Creek Indians

Description

Two hundred years ago, when the activities of the white man in North America were dominated by clashing imperial ambitions and colonial rivalry, the great Creek Confederacy rested in savage contentment under the reign of native law. No one in their whole world could do the Creeks harm, and they welcomed the slight white man who came with gifts and promises to enjoy the hospitality of their invincible towns.Their reputation as warriors and diplomats, during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, extended to the most distant reaches of the Indian country. Secure in their careless strength, friendly toward the white man until his encroachment made them resentful and desperate, they learned that they had no guile to match broken promises, and no disciplined courage to provide unity against white ruthlessness. Broken, dissembled, and their ranks depleted by the Creek and Seminole wars, they were subjected to that shameful and tragic removal which forced all the Five Civilized Tribes to a new home in the untried wilderness west of the Mississippi.

There, when they found the land good, they revitalized their shattered tribal institutions and rebuilt them upon the pattern of the American constitutional republic. But contentment again was short-lived as they were encircled by the encroaching white man with his hunger for land, his herds of cattle, and his desire for lumber, minerals, and railway concessions. They were faced, moreover, with internal political strife, and split by the sectionalism of the Civil War. Yet, they still survived in native steadfastness-a trait which is characteristic of the Creek-until the final denouement produced by the Dawes Act.

In The Road to Disappearance, Miss Debo tells for the first time the full Creek story from its vague anthropological beginnings to the loss by the tribe of independent political identity, when during the first decade of this century the lands of the Five Civilized Tribes were divided into severalty ownership. Her book is an absorbing narrative of a minority people, clinging against all odds to native custom, language, and institution. It is the chronicle of the internal life of the tribe - the structure of Creek society - with its folkways, religious beliefs, politics, wars, privations, and persecutions. Miss Debo's research has divulged many new sources of information, and her history of the Creeks since the Civil War is a special contribution because that period has been largely neglected by the historians of the American Indian.

""The vitality of our race still persists,"" said a Creek orator. ""We have not lived for naught.... We have given to the European people on this continent our thought forces-the best blood of our ancestors having intermingled with that of their best statesmen and leading citizens. We made ourselves an indestructible element in their national history. We have shown that what they believed were arid and desert places were habitable and capable of sustaining millions of people.... The race that has rendered this service to the other nations of mankind cannot utterly perish.""

Similar Books

ISBN 10: 0691005788
ISBN 13: 9780691005782

21 May 1973
Angie Debo

ISBN 10: 1492792845
ISBN 13: 9781492792840

22 Sep 2013
Charles River Editors

ISBN 10: 0817350012
ISBN 13: 9780817350017

22 Jan 2003
George Stiggins

ISBN 10: 0807854956
ISBN 13: 9780807854952

08 Dec 2003
Robbie Ethridge

ISBN 10: 0826323685
ISBN 13: 9780826323682

15 Dec 2008
David Lewis

ISBN 10: 0806112476
ISBN 13: 9780806112473

30 Mar 1975
Angie Debo

ISBN 10: 0803283024
ISBN 13: 9780803283022

01 Dec 2004
Jack B. Martin

ISBN 10: 1570036926
ISBN 13: 9781570036927

15 Jun 2007
John Walton Caughey

ISBN 10: 0803262930
ISBN 13: 9780803262935

01 Dec 2014
Steven C. Hahn

ISBN 10: 0806118881
ISBN 13: 9780806118888

15 Mar 1984
Angie Debo

ISBN 10: 0385239548
ISBN 13: 9780385239547

22 Sep 1997
John Ehle

ISBN 10: 052166943X
ISBN 13: 9780521669436

04 Jan 2011
Claudio Saunt